Fair Use and Public Domain with Copyright Law

Fair Use and Public Domain with Copyright Law
Fair Use and Public Domain with Copyright Law

Copyright laws have own jurisdiction as well the details are considered by the government of a country. The rules and parameters about what laws will protect for as well the consequences that must be charged by the breakers. In copyright subject, it is known some terms called fair use and public domain in which they are connected with copyright law. Copyright law protects any copyrighted work in legal field for any illegal use and infringement towards a creative work. All copyrighted work has been legalized for ownership proved by certificate. Fair use and public domain refer to usage of works that copyrighted without permission from the owners and it is legal to do without breaking any copyright laws. Nonetheless, they are not way out for copyright protection.

Fair Use and Public Domain with Copyright Law1
Fair Use and Public Domain with Copyright Law1

Fair Use and Copyright Law
Fair use is an exception in copyright laws that allow the use of a part of creative work in limited circumstance and it does not violate the laws. Dealing with fair use, it is used for reference purpose. Sometimes, when the purpose is for academic and nonprofit in which the material is just taken in a portion, it can also be regarded as fair use. To use the material surely under the circumstances of limitation, when it is done without any permission from work creator is allowed. Fair use does not include in copyright laws violation because it has transformative aspect in which the use of work will be presented in other form or in new creation. For example, when a professor cited a quote from someone’s work for his or her articles, the work is used for new creation.
Public Domain with Copyright Law
Properties that are in public domain are not protected by laws. It is usually available over the internet as the largest source of any information. A work can be subject to public domain when it is expired by the date. The expiration date is managed by the government and depends of the calculating method to announce the expired date. After a work expires, it will be public domain that can be used by anyone for any purpose without breaking the laws. Contents of public domain are publicly owned in which no one can claim for the possession. Some countries has enacted the rules on calculating method to determine the expiration date.
Many people consider internet as the first option when they need to get information or any relevance related to creative works. Nonetheless, not all works that available over the internet are subject to public domain. In this case, laws are enacted and called as internet copyright laws as the extension of the existing laws. Therefore, when using any works from the internet ensure to read whether it is under public domain or still copyrighted. Because although it is accessible and available in the internet when it is copyrighted, any unauthorized usage can be considered as copyright infringement in which lawsuit is legal to take by the owner of the work. Public domain is one of ways to use creative work without any liability for infringement toward copyrighted work.

Fair Use and Public Domain with Copyright Law2
Fair Use and Public Domain with Copyright Law2

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Digital Copyright – Things to Know

Digital Copyright – Things to Know
Digital Copyright – Things to Know

Discuss about copyright, it can be wide in range. It is because creative works have sky as the limit. Digital copyright is one of copyright subjects that must be discussed due the piracy and infringement of works in digital forms. This copyright is hopefully can give protection towards any illegal action related to the digital works. Still based on the copyright laws, digital copyright is another type of the existing one that has same purpose to give protection legally into various digital works. In the matters of digital copyright, it is known what is called DRM or digital right management. The infringement and violation toward copyrighted works are widely happened not to mention in creative works that available in medium of digital that is very concerning.

Digital Copyright – Things to Know1
Digital Copyright – Things to Know1

DRM and Digital Copyright
DRM is an approach that systematically designed to give protection of copyright for digital media. The existence of DRM is purposed to prevent or at least ease the digital piracy in the form of redistribution without authorized process of digital works and block the methods from consumers to copy content of the digital work. Due to the online piracy that rapidly increased in recent day, DRM comes as the response of the infuriating issues. The proliferation of online piracy mostly as the use of P2P exchange programs. DRM brings the code or access way as the credential requirement to access the file. The embedding code is designed to prevent redistributing and copying in the particular period so the limit makes the devices amount where the work will be installed.
The technology of DRM is expected to reduce the copyright piracy. Nonetheless, to make the violators or pirates can be processed legally in court is very hard to do. The method initially focuses on the impossibility for content theft. Besides that, the way will not protect the idea of the creator but only give protection for the works that has been created. As time goes, it is very likely to create full protection that not only reduce but also prevent any copyright piracy. Nonetheless, this way is still important and reliable to do since nowadays more media are digitalized in which the risk of infringement is possibly continuously happened, the DRM can at least provide role in reducing the violation.
Digital Copyright Piracy
To be more aware towards digital copyright piracy, here are several cases that can be samples and hopefully, it will not be done. Although, in recent day, policing the law breakers are still difficult to do but it does not mean impossible.
Sometimes digital media is copied for friends without permission from the creators. It is actually a piracy toward one’s copyrighted work.
Ripping music from a CD is also one of cases where copyright piracy is done. Fortunately, digital copyright approaches DRM to prevent the ripping.
Copying and doing playback or access a digital media that has license for credential is violating the copyright laws
Sometimes, copied media can be transferred using legal way by sale of get creator’s permission and it cannot be considered as copyright infringement.

Digital Copyright – Things to Know2
Digital Copyright – Things to Know2

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Copyright Laws for Internet User

Copyright Laws for Internet User
Copyright Laws for Internet User

The invention of internet brings significant impact for mankind as well rise problems and issues related to the creative works. The issue of plagiarism and infringement of copyright currently happen in common and it can be infuriating for many people in certain industries. Therefore, the awareness to provide protection of the works that is under the law and government policy is created. Copyright laws have been established in many countries and since the concern that the infringement risk highly occurs in the internet, some countries enact internet copyright laws that are based by the existing copyright laws or due to several reasons, enacts laws for specific issues in internet. The most cases that may be experienced by internet users are they met DMA enacted in US.

Copyright Laws for Internet User1
Copyright Laws for Internet User1

How Internet Copyright Laws Work
Basically, copyright laws for internet content are covered by the existing laws although some countries enacted new laws and policies related to the specific internet issues. Mostly, the laws will forbid any illegal action in sharing of copyrighted material and permit the fair use for available online content besides make the internet service provider or ISP will be in liable in charge for any violation for example allowing the users to post material without permission from the creator. Works that are available on the internet are not always public domain that can be used by anyone for any purpose because the existence of the work is inseparable from the creator. It is also not subject to the laws of public domain.
In this wise, ISP must be conscious for the laws in order they will understand if any violation is done by the users. Nonetheless, for some cases, ISP is protected by the laws when the ISP doesn’t have understanding that illegal use of copyrighted works occurred on the servers. The laws can be taken of advantage by the creator of original material when any indication of copyright infringement exists. The ISP must conduct investigation to verify the there is an infringement and must remove the content that is being the issue. When any infringement towards copyright occurs the ISP should be aware that they are liable for any lawsuit despite when the ISP has no knowledge that the material is copyrighted and has been illegally used.
What Material That Is Not Under Internet Copyright Laws
In many cases and policies, some materials are not protected by internet copyright laws when they are in public domain. Some countries have policies to prevail in expire date of copyright and the calculation depends on the rule. In this case, when a copyrighted work has expired, the work will be in public domain. Nonetheless, not all works available on the internet is public domain although it is accessible for anyone from anywhere. Use materials from public domain will not be liable for any copyright laws violation, on the other side, if a work is not in public domain, although it is shared on the internet, the copyright infringement just done and legal action can be taken. Besides that, fair use is also way to not infringe copyrighted work because it is on transformative purpose.

Copyright Laws for Internet User2
Copyright Laws for Internet User2

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Logo – Copyrighted or Trademarked

Logo - Copyrighted or Trademarked
Logo – Copyrighted or Trademarked

Logo is important for image branding especially for company or commercial endeavors. Logo is used for recognition as well distinguish one image to another. Therefore, because of the aspect of specification and exclusivity, logo must be protected by the ownership that is admitted legally. Here people tend to be confused about should a logo be copyrighted or trademarked. Trademark and copyright is often used interchangeably by many people and it is mudding in general usage. Actually, there is a clear separation between copyright and trademark. One is about creative work and another one is for commercial purpose. However, when it comes about practice, people are still confused because sometimes the trademark is used at the same time with copyright. In fact, it is when the separation in clearly shown.

Logo - Copyrighted or Trademarked1
Logo – Copyrighted or Trademarked1

What is Copyright for?
As mentioned above that the separation between those two things are clear. Copyright is purposed to give legal protection of ownership towards creative works or creation. Artistic works can be copyrighted because they are the tangible form of idea or concept and the creator has rights for any legal action when infringement or unauthorized use of the works exists. What included to creative works are such as stories, plays, books, paintings, photographs, architecture, designs, software, music, films and many more. Those are the actual form that can be enjoyed visually or audibly by other people. The risks of being infringed such as improper use, copy and plagiarize are likely happened therefore the copyright laws are enacted to protect one’s idea in the actual form.
What is Trademark?
Trademark is established basically for similar purpose with copyright to give legal protection. What makes difference is it is provided for logos, slogans, name brands and other attributes that associated with a company or business and other commercial purposes. Logo is also created using idea and creativity but the point is not where it comes from but the purpose of the work. Logo tends to represent business and commercial reason rather than in the name of art, because of that, logo cannot be copyrighted but should be trademarked. Logo is important to be protected with legal attribute because it is very risky with infringement reuse logo by other people or companies. Trademark a logo is basically similar with copyright a creative work just different in types of material.
People tend to interchangeably use the terms between copyright and trademark because they have similarities. Although it is not a big deal it is better to know. The purpose of both of them is same. They are establishing to provide protection towards any violation and infringement that can cause loss especially in economical value. When there is indication of any violation, any lawsuit can be filed. Both of them is underneath laws and regulation with government supervision and own jurisdiction. The process to get copyright or trademark must involve some documentation and observation done by governmental institution. Not all applicants can get the certificate or the application is granted. Nonetheless, because the separation is clear, there is no such confusion to copyright logo but trademark logo instead.

Logo - Copyrighted or Trademarked2
Logo – Copyrighted or Trademarked2

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Don’t be Confused between Copyright and Trademark

Don’t be Confused between Copyright and Trademark
Don’t be Confused between Copyright and Trademark

Sometimes the use of terms between trademark and copyright is interchangeably in fact there is straightforward difference. The interchangeably use can somewhat mud in common matter. Nonetheless it is basically same in purpose and the interchangeable usage can be understood because the similarity in concept. Government and laws put the concern in these two matters in which the legal action are allowed and can be taken when any infringement or violation happen especially when it cause loss in the matter of economical value, because mostly both copyright and trademark is registered in the reason for economic such as for protecting the commercial logo or creative work that can gain profit such as song, movies, or name brand. Know clearer about the differences of them to avoid mudding in common usage.

Don’t be Confused between Copyright and Trademark1
Don’t be Confused between Copyright and Trademark1

Distinguishing Copyright and Trademark
Based on the material, copyright is about any intellectual properties such as music, writing, film, paintings and other things that are actual form of idea or concept. Trademark is about commercial application in material used such as logo of company or name brand that will differentiate one to another. It deals with the type of property that will be protected to identify and distinguish which one is copyrighted matter and which one trademarked matter. Types of intellectual property that can be copyrighted are including artwork, music, software, articles, stories etc. Intellectual property itself is anything as the result of idea or concepts in tangible form. Dealing with trademark, if it is name or symbol that is associated with a company or commercial business, the property will be trademarked.
It has straightforward distinction that is clearly shown. Simply, copyright is about creative works whereas the trademark tends to about commercial matters. It is clear separation yet some tangible overlap in category is there. One material may contain copyright and trademark and it will show more clearance about the separation. Take this example; software created by a creator can get legal protection when it is copyrighted. At the same time, the software distributed by a company that has own logo that is trademarked. It is because the software is copyrighted in which legal protection to the creative work whereas the distributor company usually has already trademark logo as the brand that can be recognized by people and other companies.
Why Copyright and Trademark are Important
Due to the basic concepts why copyright and trademark exist is similar to provide legal protection for any misuse and infringement, it is natural when it is regarded as same thing and the use is interchangeable. Besides that, both of them practically are similar in procedure by being observed and protected in legal under laws. To get trademark or copyright for a matter, some documentation is required and it must be through several processes. Regardless of the bustle and hassle in preparing documents, copyright and trademark is very essential for those with any creative work or those who want to establish any commercial endeavors. It is because both of them are underneath laws and any legal action to prevent loss can be done besides the existence of the material will be legitimately acknowledged.

Don’t be Confused between Copyright and Trademark2
Don’t be Confused between Copyright and Trademark2

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Upgrade Your Knowledge about Basic Copyright Law

Upgrade Your Knowledge about Basic Copyright Law
Upgrade Your Knowledge about Basic Copyright Law

Copyright laws are very important to protect work or expression such as your website contents, your private videos, photographs, articles, paintings, recipe books, songs, software and many others. With a copyright on your works, you have the full right to sell, distribute, display, and also to reproduce your work as you like and granted full right to file a lawsuit against people who violated your copyright. There are many level of copyright protection that you should know before you use other people’s work or sue people that infringe your copyright.

Upgrade Your Knowledge about Basic Copyright Law1
Upgrade Your Knowledge about Basic Copyright Law1

Copyrights Basics

Copyright protection has existed more than a century ago, but only from 1978, the new rules were approved. According to the new rules, the automatic copyright lasts for 70 years after the death of the owner or creator. In case of intellectual property that become ‘work made for hire’ the copyright protection is quite longer. The law protect work for hire as long as 95 years from the first publication. The protection can be as longer as 120 years after the date of creation. It means if you create a story book, it will have the copyright expired 120 years later or 95 years after your death. For the case of anonymously works, it has the same copyright protection as the work made for hire. Its copyright is expired 120 years after the creation or 95 years after the owner’s dearth. However, to get the copyright protection, you don’t need to display or publish your work. You don’t even need to register to the copyright office to get it, although you will get greater benefits if you register your work.

How other people can use your work?

In the current copyright laws, other people can use your work without any permission as long as it constitutes “fair Use”. The term Fair Use is usually used for the use of copyrighted materials for non-commercial use like education, schools, criticism, educational papers, newsworthy, commentary, etc. the use of ‘Fair Use” can be easily found in many educational papers where students quote, paraphrase, or summarize a part or some parts of your work into their own work. They usually put credits by writing your name after the quotations or listing it in the bibliography index. There are certain rules to cite, quote, and put other people’s works in your own work that should be followed to avoid copyright infringement.

How Copyright Protects You

The copyright laws surely protect you from people that want to use your work without permission. The law says that people should ask permission or/and paying some royalties (if needed) before he uses a part or some parts of other people’s work. You don’t need to register for your own intellectual property to get copyright protected, but if you have trademark like logo or company tagline, you need to register those things to the copyright office to get their copyright protection. Once you register the copyright of your work, it will be protected international. However, there are some differences in copyright protection throughout the world.

Upgrade Your Knowledge about Basic Copyright Law2
Upgrade Your Knowledge about Basic Copyright Law2

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Expired Copyrights Make You Money

Expired Copyrights Make You Money
Expired Copyrights Make You Money

The internet supplies you with millions of ways of making money. With all people around the world connected to the internet, it is quite easy to earn money by doing some easy stuffs online. What most people usually do to earn money from the internet is selling things. They work with a conventional store and sell thing online. The buyers only need to see the images of the products, choose, and pay it. Within a day the products will arrive at the address. Some other people may also earn money by adding some ads to their websites. It gives the website owner money if there is people who visit the ads links. However, there many other ways of earning money online, including using expired copyright stuffs.

Expired Copyrights Make You Money1
Expired Copyrights Make You Money1

Expired Copyrights to Earn Money

A person can do some jobs online on the same time. It is the benefit of online works that is you don’t need to be tied up to an office. You can do your online jobs from various places, like café, public spots, and even your bedroom. People usually have 5 to 9 online jobs to do in a day. They don’t even need to separate the time for each job because with a single device connected to the internet, all jobs are done well at the same time. One online job that sounds promising is using expired copyright to earn fresh money. Most people surely don’t know how an expired copyright can give you money.

As you know, any works published online, including books, songs, written story, or any other intellectual properties by an author, director, photographer, etc have copyright laws protecting them. It means distributing, using, sharing, or modifying the works is surely a copyright infringement and you can be jailed for this act. Not only you will be jailed, the website hosting company where you put the hijacked copyrighted materials can also be punished. The perfect example of copyright infringement is the case of Megaupload.com. The website is banned and the owner is jailed and punished to pay several million dollars because he hosted copyrighted materials without permission from the owner. So if you want to earn money from copyrighted materials, ask permission from the owner of the works you use or you can wait until the copyright is expired and you can use the materials without permission.

How to Do It

It is quite easy to earn money from an expired copyright material. Make sure it is expired and not renewed by the owner. You can check the expiration date from the copyright office’s website or from the owner’s website. A copyright for books or any other written materials can range between 20 to 50 years. So, make sure that you check also the date of the registration, just to double check the expiration date. Now, download the book and modify its contents to fit the recent trends or technologies. You may add more information, update the date, the name, and change the title a little bit to add your own credibility. If all things are done, you can sell it to the target market.

Expired Copyrights Make You Money2
Expired Copyrights Make You Money2

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Copyrights and Your Business

Copyrights and Your Business 1
Copyrights and Your Business 1

Copyright bring great effect to your business and if you don’t understand the copyright laws, you will get confused and even punished for something that you previously thought as the right things. In general, the copyright laws protect any ‘original works of authorship’. What included into the original works of authorship are music, songs, written words, arts, and many types of intellectual properties. So, as soon as you write it on the paper, record it, tape it, paint it, etc, they will be protected by copyright laws.

Copyrights and Your Business 2
Copyrights and Your Business 2

The Copyright Laws

Your intellectual properties, works, songs, art, etc, don’t need to be published (by using some media, publisher, internet, etc) to be protected. However, some different states and countries may have different protection types, procedures, and fees that apply to any works you or any other people create in those countries. Unfortunately, some people are confused the copyright with trademark. Trademarks don’t receive automatic copyright protection. A company trademarks includes anything from names of the company, words, slogan, logos and also the cover design of a certain company. The trademark also includes any other elements used by a certain business or company to perform their identities; it includes gestures, tagline, certain colors combination, etc.

The trademark may contain certain word and also phrases, or even a jingle, they are not the same as song, book, art, etc that get automatic protection from the copyright. If someone use your trademark, logo or any elements that you have been used in your company, you can’t sue them and you will not be entitled for statutory damage fees, unless you register your logo, design, words, etc to get copyright protection. If you want to protect your trademark with copyright, you need to register it to the copyright office. it is crucial to register any element on your business identification elements to the copyright office to protect the company you build. You will get damages fee when someone uses your company logo, text in your company brochures, text in your website, and your company marketing material copy without your permission. It means copyright violation and such crime is a serious issue. The law will never tolerate copyright infringement. You have full rights of your registered works. Therefore, to protect your business, you should have copyright registration as soon as you start your business.

How to Register A Copyright for Your Trademark

It is obvious that copyright can affect to your business and you should take what is necessary to protect your company properties. It is very easy to file a copyright registration. You don’t even need to present in the Copyright Office. To ease you, visit the Copyright Office’s web and register for an online account where you can register for a copyright later. You will be asked to make an account with login name and password. To file online, you will need to prepare some documents by scanning it or by uploading the file as well as send email to the copyright office’s website admin.

Copyrights and Your Business
Copyrights and Your Business

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Protecting Your Entertainment Products with Copyrights

Protecting Your Entertainment Products with Copyrights
Protecting Your Entertainment Products with Copyrights

If you are a song writer, a painter, a writer, or working in entertainment fields, you will need protection for anything you produce from product hijacking or using your works improperly without you getting paid for it. A song writer needs copyrights to protect the song and also to get money from it. You should have known that any creative work such as songs, books, paintings, or written story will be protected by the law as soon as it is written down, recorded, video-taped, printed, etc. Actually you don’t need to register copyrights to the Copyrights Office. If you have your song sung or recorded by other people without your permission, you can sue them and ask them to pay a huge amount of copyright penalties, or you can simply stop them from recording your song without permission. However, many people believe that registering the copyright for your products will have some more benefits.

Protecting Your Entertainment Products with Copyrights1
Protecting Your Entertainment Products with Copyrights1

The Benefits of Registering the Copyright

When you sign up to the copyright office, you will have the ownership and validity of your work so long as five years from the date you release the work to the public. You will be legally admitted as the owner of the work and the intellectual property you register earlier. Moreover, in case you register your products or your works before any violation, then you will receive money as the compensation for the copyright violation and the attorney’s fees. The statutory damages fees are usually bigger than the actual fee to buy your permission for the work used. The last benefit for registering the copyrights is that you don’t need to file your own law suit against the infringer because the copyrights registration covers it for you. However, there costs that you need to pay during the copyright registration, but don’t worry, it’s cheap.

Copyright Registration Fees

Many people with intellectual properties seldom protect their entertainment products such as song, personal documentation videos, book, recipe, and other works with copyrights registration. They think that registering a copyrights is difficult and expensive. You are absolutely wrong, because to register a copyright is easy and also cheap. If you don’t know how to register, the best way to start it is by visiting the Copyright Office’s website. Not only you will find various information regarding to the registering process, you will also get information about what the copyright is and its value to your work. It is absolutely easy to register the copyright online. Furthermore, it is cheap too. Registering your work through online service only costs you $35 per registration. It is really cheap compared to the benefits you will receive from the copyright. To register the copy right, you need to login by clicking the eCO Login that you can find on the top right of your monitor. Create an account with a username and password. Once you have an account you can come back later with documents required and you can fill the basic information regarding to the copyright you register.

Protecting Your Entertainment Products with Copyrights2
Protecting Your Entertainment Products with Copyrights2

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The Way to Protect Your Works against Piracy and Plagiarism

The Way to Protect Your Works against Piracy and Plagiarism
The Way to Protect Your Works against Piracy and Plagiarism

Copyright will be needed for several working fields. Let say, you are working as a writer, song writer, movie producer, and many more related to the creation, it is a must for you to protect your creation. One way to protect your works is by using copyright. So, let’s learn more about copyright and how this system protects your works.

The Way to Protect Your Works against Piracy and Plagiarism1
The Way to Protect Your Works against Piracy and Plagiarism1

The Importance of Taking Legal Copyright
Before learning about how copyright protect your works, it is important to learn about what is copyright. For your information, copyright is a legal sign that specific work or creation is belong to you. It means your name will be included whenever the creation or work is published. The work can be various including novel, painting, photograph, or many more. Of course, you will have more rights because you are the owner of that works. You are allowed to reproduce your creation freely. Moreover, you are also allowed to distribute the copies of your work for public. Whenever there is someone who claimed your work as his or her work, you have a right to make a claim. If you win the claim, they have to pay specific amount of money for you. Based on the rule, they have to pay around $250.000. Even, they have to be jailed up to 5 years.
How to Manage Legal Copyright
Now, let’s continue the discussion with how to manage a copyright. The most important thing you should know is that you don’t have to go to specific copyright office only to register your work to get a copyright. In fact, by the time you announce that you have a new work or creation, you have the copyright. In this case, you will get specific number. This number is considered as a legal right. Because it is a legal number it means it is managed under the law. It can be used as a legal and strong sign if your work or creation is stolen by others. Mostly, copyright is very important to prevent plagiarism. It is also important to fight against piracy.
The Advantages of Putting Legal Copyright in Your Works
There are several advantages if you take copyright along with your works or creations. Definitely, you have a strong prove that specific works or creations are really yours. Moreover, you have a chance to receive specific amount of money if you are asking a claim for those who use your work without any permission. Even, if they have permission from you, it is a must for you to create a specific contract or agreement. By using such kind of agreement, you will receive royalty whenever third party used your works. Furthermore, your work will be also legally registered as a work. It becomes a precious acknowledgment from public toward your work and of course you as the owner of the work. You need to know about the materials which can be copyrighted. Those are including literary works, music, graphic, pictorial works, visual works, and many more. When your work is having a legal copyright, it means you will see a copyright symbol, the word copyright, and also the year of the first publication of your work.

The Way to Protect Your Works against Piracy and Plagiarism2
The Way to Protect Your Works against Piracy and Plagiarism2

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