Copyright laws have own jurisdiction as well the details are considered by the government of a country. The rules and parameters about what laws will protect for as well the consequences that must be charged by the breakers. In copyright subject, it is known some terms called fair use and public domain in which they are connected with copyright law. Copyright law protects any copyrighted work in legal field for any illegal use and infringement towards a creative work. All copyrighted work has been legalized for ownership proved by certificate. Fair use and public domain refer to usage of works that copyrighted without permission from the owners and it is legal to do without breaking any copyright laws. Nonetheless, they are not way out for copyright protection.
Fair Use and Copyright Law
Fair use is an exception in copyright laws that allow the use of a part of creative work in limited circumstance and it does not violate the laws. Dealing with fair use, it is used for reference purpose. Sometimes, when the purpose is for academic and nonprofit in which the material is just taken in a portion, it can also be regarded as fair use. To use the material surely under the circumstances of limitation, when it is done without any permission from work creator is allowed. Fair use does not include in copyright laws violation because it has transformative aspect in which the use of work will be presented in other form or in new creation. For example, when a professor cited a quote from someone’s work for his or her articles, the work is used for new creation.
Public Domain with Copyright Law
Properties that are in public domain are not protected by laws. It is usually available over the internet as the largest source of any information. A work can be subject to public domain when it is expired by the date. The expiration date is managed by the government and depends of the calculating method to announce the expired date. After a work expires, it will be public domain that can be used by anyone for any purpose without breaking the laws. Contents of public domain are publicly owned in which no one can claim for the possession. Some countries has enacted the rules on calculating method to determine the expiration date.
Many people consider internet as the first option when they need to get information or any relevance related to creative works. Nonetheless, not all works that available over the internet are subject to public domain. In this case, laws are enacted and called as internet copyright laws as the extension of the existing laws. Therefore, when using any works from the internet ensure to read whether it is under public domain or still copyrighted. Because although it is accessible and available in the internet when it is copyrighted, any unauthorized usage can be considered as copyright infringement in which lawsuit is legal to take by the owner of the work. Public domain is one of ways to use creative work without any liability for infringement toward copyrighted work.